The success of Mangalayan in recent times has made the news both in India and around the world. However it’s most important impact could well prove to be it proving to be the focal point for scientific development in India but also for science acting as an important factor for development of India as a world power in the near future.
The future of scientific research in India has shown to be very promising. India is considered to be the Promised Land for scientific and technology research. Advances in these two areas are having a significant impact in India’s present and therefore, future. India is the primary source for many reputed outsourcing companies for that very reason. In addition, India has a large pool of professionals who are high skilled and an invaluable asset to the country. India’s government is a democracy which favors advancements in technological and scientific sectors.
The future of India seems bright. India’s research and contribution in many areas such as genetic modification, bio-energy sources, biochemistry, atomic energy, organ donation, biomedical science, and many other such issues will determine how these issues are viewed by the world in the near future. How India handles many of the ethical dilemmas that scientific research poses will be an education for many other countries, including developed countries.
India is leading in many areas and evolving in others. However, most funding comes from public sources, and many times, is limited. This area has to evolve, and more private funding should be encouraged so as to ensure that India can compete with other countries like China. Industrial research and development competitiveness must be encouraged more, as most of the effort goes into the field of space, defense, oceanography, and atomic energy. However, India is strong in Software technology and computer science as well.
The lack of attractive salaries compared to the private sector has created a void in the education and research sectors. However, it is a matter of profit and not quality of talent. Indian minds are among the brightest and skilled all over the world, and many students from the ITT’s are highly sought by top European and American universities.
India has to its advantage the willingness to work with other countries in research and science development and lend its talents when essential. Controversy about India not producing enough PhD’s in the science arena is one that has been going on recently. If India wants to continue to prosper in this area, something must be done in that respect. It is the opinion of Professor CNR Rao – a leading Indian scientist and a pioneering professional in structural chemistry – that if India wants to surpass its place and position in the scientific world, then it must contribute more in that area, as right now it is not producing enough professionals to compete with the major scientific powers of the world. This is viewed as one of the biggest obstacles for India. India is not producing the required number to meet the demand of the students in universities and colleges. The debate continues about the need to focus more in the basic sciences, open-ended research, and less in targeted research. Politics is said to be blamed, wrong allocation of efforts and funding, and lack of private funding as well.
The economy of the planet is going towards globalization and a knowledge-driven economy in the fields of science and technology. The need for a shift to encourage this position in India’s education system is key to how the country’s future will emerge. The world is looking at India and hoping it continues to develop in the right direction so it can make the best use of some of the brightest talent in the world.
India has the third largest highest education system in the world. The focus is on science and technology. India has many universities and institutes of higher education. Distance learning is also a feature of Indian higher education. Indian Institutes of Technology are some of the finest and most acclaimed educational institutions in the country. Technical education is highly encouraged and supported in our country.
Scientific education in India is very important. Students enroll in scientific fields such as photonics, molecular biology, plant pathology, physical sciences, geology, horticulture, forestry, earth sciences, biostatistics, biochemistry, agriculture, aqua science, oceanography, astronomy, bioinformatics, and many other scientific fields. Top science universities in India include St Stephen College in Delhi, St. Xavier College in Kolkata and Mumbai, and Presidency College in Kolkata, among many others. Many of these colleges have an exceptionally high level of acceptance and for many individuals; it is very hard to get in.
Many Nobel Prize winners have also come from India. However, there is a belief that there is a decrease in scientific encouragement among Indians, and that the focus is being diverted to technological, engineering, and medicinal fields. The software area is growing tremendously fast in India. Institutes of national importance include the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT’s), the Indian Institutes of Management (IIM’s), the Indian Institutes of Science, and some medical universities including one of the best in the world – the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS).
The government is seen to be prioritizing in the fields of technical-scientific research, renewable energy, maritime technology, and materials technology among others. Science and Technology education in India is very close to cultural and historical tradition. India has made many advances and developments in the areas of space science, nuclear science, defense, and electronics. These two venues are used as part of the growth and change of the country, and as part of socio-economic development.
At the primary level, the mission for development and spread of science is helped by a child’s inquisitiveness and curiosity. Young children are active learners, who will eagerly experiment, and explore. Young children are just like scientists in many ways. They learn:
• Through trial and error.
• By figuring things out for themselves.
• Through persistence.
• Through their senses.
• By observing others and imitating their play.
In fact children naturally have qualities similar to those of good scientists, most notably that scientists are curious about their world, they are persistent in exploring answers to their questions and they often work through the process of trial and error. Thus introducing young children to science should be easy if one keeps in mind their developmental needs.
These young children are the future of the nation and will certainly prove to raise India’s scientific standing around the world. India will certainly have a lot to thank to Science in the future.